It should directly contain very few, if any, pages and should mainly contain subcategories. Consequentialist theories state that there are things, actions, states of affairs, etc. For example, if the virtue of honesty is the of utmost importance to a good public relations professional, then all decisions should be made ethically to ensure honesty is preserved. Write. In this book, Broad expounds and criticises five typical theories of ethics, viz. This philosophy stems from Aristotle and is based on the virtues of the person making a decision. Its subject consists of fundamental issues of practical decision making, and its major concerns include the nature of ultimate value and the standards by which human actions can be morally evaluated. Finally, a third and growing area of philosophical reasoning with ethics is known as … In other words,... Summary: Network Effects describes the phenomenon how the value of a good or service increases as more people start to... Summary: The Montessori Method is an approach to learning which emphasizes active learning, independence, cooperation, and learning in harmony with... Summary: Attachment theory emphasizes the importance of a secure and trusting mother-infant bond on development and well-being. Flipped classrooms are a method of instruction and form of blended learning. Ethical discussion that focuses on how a professional makes decisions, known as applied ethics, are heavily influenced by the role or purpose of the profession within society. How well do you understand the three theories? Next, choose two philosophers’ original texts to examine in detail. He was known for the ‘Categorical Imperative’ that looks for transcendent principles that apply to all humans. First, please research the following types of ethical theory: consequentialism, deontology, relativism, virtue ethics, and justice. First, in terms of the public relations profession, the focus on virtues of the professional themselves seems to miss the importance and role of obligations to clients and publics. Most ethical theories attempt to answer the question of "How ought I to act?" Verified writer. Different branches of the study of ethics look at where our views of morality come from and how they shape our everyday lives. 6U ilitart ians belie , ev speaking a bit roughly, that the right action is the action that maximizes good results. Several philosophers have propounded different types of ethical theories which are listed below: Teleological Ethical Theories. The three main ethical theories I have chosen that could’ve changed the decision and result are; Mills—Consequentialism, Kant—Deontology, and Rawls –theory of distributive justice. Discovery Learning is a method of inquiry-based instruction, discovery learning believes that it is best for learners to discover facts... Summary: Constructionism as a learning theory emphasizes student-centered discovery learning, and educators are currently expanding its reach to the field... Summary: Online collaborative learning theory, or OCL, is a form of constructivist teaching that takes the form of instructor-led group... Summary: Learner centered design focuses on creating software for heterogeneous groups of learners who need scaffolding as they learn while... Summary: Distributed cognition is a branch of cognitive science that proposes cognition and knowledge are not confined to an individual;... Summary: Social Network Analysis looks at how people within social networks (for example: families, clubs, Facebook groups) relate to each... Summary: Flow is an optimal psychological state that people experience when engaged in an activity that is both appropriately challenging... Summary: Actor-Network Theory is a framework and systematic way to consider the infrastructure surrounding technological achievements. Seligman points to five factors... Summary: Digital citizenship is the state of having access to the Internet and communication technologies that help promote equal opportunity,... A common criticism of educational theory is that it is often separated from practice. We all act in certain ways. Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues. 4.9 (546) Charlotte. Want a convenient ad-free PDF eBook of the summaries and guides on this site? In Consequential Ethics, the outcomes determine the morality of the act. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The three main business ethics theories are deontological theory, utilitarianism, and norm theory. : Ethics provides a set of standards for behavior that helps us decide how we … In fact, for centuries, philosophers have come up with theoretical ways of telling right from wrong and for giving guidelines about how to live and act ethically. The answers to this question fall into two broad categories—deontological and teleological, or consequentialist.The principal difference between them is that deontological theories do not appeal to value considerations in establishing ethical standards, while teleological theories do. It is important, however, that public relations professionals also understand how to apply these concepts to the actual practice of the profession. Assigns agency to both... Summary: Activity Theory is a framework or descriptive tool for a system. The word "ethics" stems from the Greek word "ethos," which means a custom or habit. Here are a few ethical theories to whet your appetite: Virtue ethics states that character matters above all else. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ethical theories. Introduction to Diversity in Public Relations, 12. Ethical theory serves as the foundation for ethical solutions to the difficult situations people encounter in life. Ethical theories are important to study in order to establish a strong foundation for challenging situations or guide decisions — how do we know whether something is right or wrong? Ethical Implications of Fake News for PR Professionals, Lesson 1: Understanding Ethics & The Profession, Understanding Ethics As a Decision-Making Process, Assumptions of Obligations in the Public Relations Profession, Case Study: Facebook & Burson-Marsteller âSmear Googleâ Campaign, Lesson 2: Ethics, Trust & Decision Making. The word, 'sentience' is another word for 'feelings'. This essay examines the most prominent such theories, aspects of an ethical dilemma important to them and leads them to the most ethically correct resolution according to the guidelines within the ethical theory itself. Ethics is a branch of philosophy dealing with human action. This category may require frequent maintenance to avoid becoming too large. One of the largest influences of modern business ethical principles is Kantian theory, which is a type of norm theory. Again, this is split into three different types: We have sentience-centred ethics, human-centred ethics and environmental-centred ethics. Many scholars in public relations identify these issues, as well as others, as evidence that utilitarianism, sometimes called consequentialism due the concept relying on the consequence of a decision, is not as strong of a fit for public relations professional ethics. A great study tool! The actual practice of learning about, and more “ duty, ” and logos, duty. The outcomes determine the morality of human emotion and sentiment ( Beauchamp & Bowie 2004 ) philosophical concerned..., normative ethics, viz or duty ), utilitarianism, rights, and.! 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